strenx® - high-performance structural steel - ssab,strenx® steel plate, strip and tubes can be processed in lengths in excess of 20 meters and with bending forces of more than 4,000 tonnes. using the high-end equipment at ssab shape centers makes perfect business sense. you gain access to production capacity without investing in new machinery for in-house production, enabling you to cut lead times..(pdf) strength of materials, 4th edition [solutions manual,it is the expression of force per unit area to structural members that are subjected to external forces and/or induced forces. stress is the lead to accurately describe and predict the elastic deformation of a body. simple stress can be classified as normal stress, shear stress, and bearing stress..
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vided the minimum specified compressive strength of the concrete is increased to 4,000 psi. figure 1904.3 weathering probability map for concretea, b, c a. lines defining areas are approximate only. local areas can be more or less severe than indicated by the region classification. b.
minimum 28 day concrete strength (f c ′) = 4,000 psi. • minimum yield strength of rebars = 40,000 psi. • the allowable design stress in concrete should not be more than 1/3 of the minimum concrete strength. • the allowable design stress in steel should not be more than 40% of the minimum yield strength of steel.
minimum concrete compressive strength f'c = 2,500 psi (17.3 mpa) f'c = 3,000 psi (20.7 mpa) f'c = 4,000 psi (27.6 mpa) f'c = 6,000 psi (41.4 mpa) f'c = 8,000 psi (55.2 mpa) tension lbs (kn) shear lbs (kn) tension lbs (kn) shear lbs (kn) tension lbs (kn) shear lbs (kn) tension lbs (kn) shear lbs (kn) tension lbs (kn) shear lbs (kn) 1/4 1-1/8 (29) 1,095 (4.9) 2,135 (9.5) 1,200 (5.3) 2,135 (9.5) 1,390
tensile and creep properties have been determined on specimens of type 316 stainless steel irradiated in the high flux isotope reactor in the range 380 to 785$sup 0$c. irradiation of type 316 in this reaction partially simulates fusion reactor irradiation, with displacement damage levels up to 120 dpa and helium contents up to 6000 appm achieved in two years.
allowable load capacities for 316 stainless steel wedge-bolt in normal-weight concrete1,2,3,4,5 nominal anchor diameter in. minimum embedment depth, h nom in. (mm) minimum concrete compressive strength f'c = 2,500 psi (17.3 mpa) f'c = 3,000 psi (20.7 mpa) f'c = 4,000 psi (27.6 mpa) f'c = 6,000 psi (41.4 mpa) f'c = 8,000 psi (55.2 mpa) tension lbs. (kn) shear lbs. (kn)
minimum concrete compressive strength f'c = 2,500 psi (17.3 mpa) f'c = 3,000 psi (20.7 mpa) f'c = 4,000 psi (27.6 mpa) f'c = 6,000 psi (41.4 mpa) f'c = 8,000 psi (55.2 mpa) tension lbs (kn) shear lbs (kn) tension lbs (kn) shear lbs (kn) tension lbs (kn) shear lbs (kn) tension lbs (kn) shear lbs (kn) tension lbs (kn) shear lbs (kn) 1/4 1-1/8 (29) 1,095 (4.9) 2,135 (9.5) 1,200 (5.3) 2,135 (9.5) 1,390
= 2,500 psi lb (kn) ƒ' c = 3,000 psi lb (kn) ƒ' c = 4,000 psi lb (kn) ƒ' c = 6,000 psi lb (kn) ƒ' c = 2,500 psi lb (kn) ƒ' c = 3,000 psi lb (kn) ƒ' c = 4,000 psi lb (kn) ƒ' c = 6,000 psi lb (kn) 1/4 1-1/2 1-3/4 1,025 1,080 1,180 1,330 1,545 1,690 1,950 2,390 (38) (44) (4 .6) (4 .8) (5 .2) (5 .9) (6 .9) (7 .5) (8 .7) (10 .6) 3/8
fluids (tanks and reservoirs). 4000 psi waterfront structures on fresh water. 4000 psi reinforced concrete structures over seawater which are sufficiently elevated so that 4000 psi they are not ordinarily wetted by salt water. mass concrete exposed to seawater from 3 feet below low water to 3 feet above high 4000 psi water or above normal wave action. reinforced concrete decks of waterfront structures where the underside is frequently 4000
b. channel inverts: use concrete for inverts not integrally formed with manhole base, with minimum compressive strength of 4000 psi. c. concrete foundation: provide concrete with minimum compressive strength of 4000 psi for concrete foundation slab under manhole base section as indicated on aw standard drawing. 2.03 reinforcing bars
ultimate tension and shear values (lbs/kn) in concrete tapcon® anchors performance table anchor dia. in. (mm) min. depth of embedment in. (mm) f’c = 2000 psi (13.8 mpa) f’c = 3000 psi (20.7 mpa) f’c = 4000 psi (27.6 mpa) f’c = 5000 psi (34.5 mpa) tension lbs. (kn) shear lbs. (kn) tension lbs. (kn) shear lbs. (kn) tension lbs. (kn) shear lbs. (kn) tension
tensile strength (psi) yield strength (psi) a36 structural angle, flat, rod, beam: 58-80,000: 36,000 : sheet 1011 cs type b : 53,000 : 30-50,000 : sheet grade 50 : 65,000 : 50,000 : 1018 cold rolled shaft : 70-80,000: 45-70,000: 1045 tg&p cold rolled shaft: 100,000: 85,000: stressproof: 115,000: 100,000: 4140/4142 annealed cold rolled shaft: 105-120,000 : 85-95,000
• concrete shall conform to: • compressive strength 4,000 psi @ 28-days • air content 4% min. • aggregate: astm c33 •cementitious materials: minimum of 564 lbs./yd3. •free of organic impurities. • manholes 4-feet deep or less shall have an eccentric cone or a flat top. • manholes over 4-feet deep shall have an eccentric cone.
concrete: class iv (drilled shaft) with a minimum 4,000 psi compressive strength at 2. reinforcing steel: astm a615, grade 60. h. stainless steel screws:aisi type 316 g. nut covers: astm b26 (319-f) f. caps: astm a1011 grade 50, 55, 60 or 65 or astm b209. e. handhole: astm a709 grade 36 or astm a36 frame with astm a36 cover. plate washer. d
grade 2 - low carbon steel - up to 3/4' proof load 55000 psi, minimum tensile strength 74000 psi - 3/4' - 1/1/2' proof load 33000 psi, minimum tensile strength 66000 psi. grade 5 - medium carbon steel, quenched and tempered - up to 1' proof load 85000 psi - 1' - 1/1/2' proof load 74000 psi, minimum tensile strength 105000 psi.
the concrete properties of lowest strength in that section. o rectangular concrete stress block with maximum stress equal to 0.85f’c and the depth of stress block from the extreme compression fiber, a, equal to β1c is used. where, β1 = 0.85-0.05(f’c - 4000)/1000 ≥ 0.65 us β1 = 0.85-0.05(f’c - 28)/7 ≥ 0.65 si
bond strength/ concrete capacity allowable loads based on steel strength3 f’c ≥ 4,000 psi (27.5 mpa) tension shear ultimate lbs. (kn) allowable lbs. (kn) astm f1554 grade 36 lbs. (kn) astm a193 grade b7 lbs. (kn) astm f593 304/316 ss lbs. (kn) astm f1554 grade 36 lbs. (kn) astm a193 grade b7 lbs. (kn) astm f593 304/316 ss lbs. (kn)
4 thermal properties of mild steel vs medium vs high-carbon steel. mild steel has a relatively low tensile strength, but it is cheap and easy to form. medium-carbon steel balances ductility and strength and has good wear resistance. for high-carbon steel hardness is
reinforced concrete design: compressive stress of concrete fc' = 240 ksc.: allowable stress of concrete fc 0.375 fc' 90 ksc.: elastic modulus of concrete ec 15120 sqrt (fc') 234,238 ksc.: elastic modulus of reinforced conc. es = 2,040,000 ksc. round bar sr 24 deformed bar sd 40: yeild stress of reinforced concrete fy 2400 4000 ksc
allowable load capacities for 316 stainless steel wedge-bolt in normal-weight concrete1,2,3,4,5 nominal anchor diameter in. minimum embedment depth, h nom in. (mm) minimum concrete compressive strength f'c = 2,500 psi (17.3 mpa) f'c = 3,000 psi (20.7 mpa) f'c = 4,000 psi (27.6 mpa) f'c = 6,000 psi (41.4 mpa) f'c = 8,000 psi (55.2 mpa) tension lbs. (kn) shear lbs. (kn)
carbon-steel bars for concrete reinforcement” h. astm d 698, b. minimum concrete compressive strength of 4000 psi. city of pearland concrete manholes and accessories 05/2013 02542 type 316 stainless steel, 11 gage minimum. b. type 304 stainless steel, 11 gage minimum,
thermal properties of stainless stainless steel 316 thermal conductivity of stainless steel: 13.53 w/m*k: thermal diffusivity of stainless steel: 3.598 mm 2 /s: specific heat capacity of stainless steel: 470 j/k*k: thermal effusivity of stainless steel: 7230 ws 0.5 /(m 2 k) material density of stainless steel…
① tensile strength. it is the maximum stress that the sheet metal material is subjected to before pulling out. the unit is: n/mm2 or mpa, the symbol is σb. it is one of the indexes of metal strength. ② bending strength. it is the maximum stress that the cross section is subjected to when the load is applied between the two points of the specimen.
the walls 8″ thick poured with 4000 psi concrete and reinforced steel on 12” centers each. the roof double matted reinforced steel, 18″ thick poured with 4000 psi concrete. doors-two in number outswing per code, hinges, hardware and frames bear certification that product has passed testing for fema specifications used in a group storm shelter.
fluids (tanks and reservoirs). 4000 psi waterfront structures on fresh water. 4000 psi reinforced concrete structures over seawater which are sufficiently elevated so that 4000 psi they are not ordinarily wetted by salt water. mass concrete exposed to seawater from 3 feet below low water to 3 feet above high 4000 psi water or above normal wave action. reinforced concrete decks of waterfront structures where the underside is frequently 4000