industrial transformation 2050 - material economics,the approach starts from a broad mapping of options to eliminate fossil co2-emissions from production, including many emerging innovations in production processes. equally important, it integrates these with the potential for a more circular economy: making better use of the materials already produced, and so reducing the need for new production..case studies in construction materials - journal - elsevier,case studies in construction materials covers a wide range of materials and technology including: cement, concrete, reinforcement, bricks and mortars, additives, corrosion technology, ceramics, timber, steel, polymers, glass fibres, recycled materials and by-products, sealants, and adhesives..
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recycling is an integral part and an essential instrument against climate change. on the whole, it can contribute to preserving our oceans, forests and the environment. if it’s about emissions, then recycling of steel (cold rolling) is much more effective in reducing emissions than an arc furnace. ship breaking vs ship recycling
the primary approach to this case study involved walk-through surveys of customer facilities and in depth interviews with customer decision makers and subsequent analysis of collected data. in addition, a basic review of the cement production process was developed, and summary cement industry energy and economic data were collected, and analyzed.
economic comparison of concrete recycling : a case study approach. recycling of construction material helps saving the limited landfill space. among various types of materials, concrete waste accounts for about 50% of the total waste generation.
economic comparison of recycling over-ordered fresh concrete: a case study approach vivian w. y. tam1* and c. m. tam2 abstract recycling of construction material helps save the limited landfill space. among various types of materials, concrete waste accounts of about 50% of the total waste
construction and demolition waste including demolished concrete, bricks and masonry, wood and other materials such as glass, insulation, roofing, wires, pipes, rocks and soil ( coventry, 1999 ), constitutes a significant component of the total waste. among them, concrete waste accounts for about 50% of the
a comparative study on costs and benefits between the current practices and the proposed recycling plan is examined. the study shows that the costs of the current practices in dumping over-ordered fresh concrete waste to landfill areas are double that of the proposed aggregate recycling plan.
a brief look at the economics of recycling 3 case study – lockheed martin mission systems and training, moorestown, nj 4 case study – janssen pharmaceutical companies of johnson & johnson, raritan, nj 5 case study – federal correctional institution at fairton, fairton, nj 6
the case study approach allows, amongst other things, critical events, interventions, policy developments and programme-based service reforms to be studied in detail in a real-life context. it should therefore be considered when an experimental design is either inappropriate to answer the research questions posed or impossible to undertake.
the aim of the environmental benefits of recycling (ebr) study (october 2009) is to develop tangible measures to express the environmental benefits associated with the recycling of various materials. it measures the estimated energy, water, greenhouse gas and landfill savings of recycling programs. through this study, the department of environment,
the circular economy is a strategy that can be applied to help municipalities achieve their overall vision and top-level goals regarding the city’s economy, environ-ment, and quality of life for citizens. furthermore, due to its sustainable nature, the circular economy principles mapping municipality-led, circular economy case studies
(baškarada, 2014). the case studies also usually have a double function, which is that case studies are studies of its own unit, as well as case studies of a larger group of units. the conclusion that is aimed by a case study can be either illustrative or confirmable. these issues confuse the design of a case
a case study is a detailed study of a specific subject, such as a person, group, place, event, organization, or phenomenon. case studies are commonly used in social, educational, clinical, and business research. a case study research design usually involves qualitative methods, but quantitative methods are sometimes also used.
concrete = $ 965 labor = $ 4,884 equipment* = $ 4,000 super total = $61,338 super total = $50.61 / sq. ft. case study bridges: superstructure only comparison (remove site prep, abutment, grading & finishing, guardrail, engineering, rock, etc) steel concrete
recycling added between 1 (cement) and 234% (wood) to the emergy inputs per gram of building materials. the analysis of materials suggested that recycle of wood may not be advantages on a large
(the overall san jose diversion rate, according to a case study published by epa, is 74%, including compost and yard waste. by comparison, westchester estimates that just 52% of the paper, glass, metal, and plastic is placed in recycling bins. for boston, that figure is 21%.)
these 11 companies are leading the way to a circular economy. reduce, reuse, recycle. the circular economy is more than just a buzz phrase. with the global population predicted to approach 9 billion people by 2030, we are using more resources than the planet can provide. our future depends on reusing what we have in a sustainable way.
in developing countries, construction and demolition waste (cdw) is disposed to landfill, causing social, environmental, and economic crises. in these nations, cdw exponentially increase due to their rapid economic growth, industrialization, and urbanization. this paper aims to examine the possibility of recycling concrete waste for production of new concrete in ethiopia.
the case study explores how astm international standards on concrete and concrete aggregates have been used in zambia and the united states to support sustainable concrete construction. increasing the potential for recycling building materials, reduces the amount of these materials in landfill sites, whilst the codifying of practices allows for the greater use of recycled elements in the
currently, there is no comprehensive benchmark of life-cycle assessment for the rigid pavement alternatives for highway rehabilitation. to fill this gap, the major objective of this study is to investigate the environmental, economic, and social impacts of the three most widely adopted rigid pavement choices through a life-cycle assessment approach with custom-built economic input-output life
the european economy still operates largely on a take–make–dispose basis. in 2012, the average european used 16 tons of materials—and only 40 percent of that was recycled or reused. in terms of value, material recycling and waste-based energy recovery captured only 5 percent of the original raw-material value. even recycling success stories
keywords: the comparison between the conventional buildings with precast concrete buildings in india 1. introduction the construction boom in india is developing at a fast rate of growth. it provides wide opportunity in india for a new entrant in prefab sector. at present precast concrete buildings are the advanced construction techniques
recycled aggregate concrete (rac) is produced in three major steps: evaluation of source concrete: the first step in production of rac is to determine the quality of the source concrete. properties and records of source concrete like strength, durability and composition are looked into for deciding the proper source concrete.
a review of pavement economic studies at the mit concrete sustainability hub. presented at the 13 th international symposium on concrete pavements , berlin, germany, 2018. swei, o., gregory, j., kirchain, r., construction cost estimation: a parametric approach for
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