Takeover: Definition & Example Hargreaves Lansdown


These types of takeovers are usually bad news, affecting employee morale at the targeted firm, which can quickly turn to animosity against the acquiring firm. Grumblings like, “Did you hear they are axing a few dozen people in our finance department…” can be heard by the water cooler. While there are examples of hostile takeovers working, they are generally tougher to pull off than a friendly merger. In some cases, a friendly takeover occurs, where the target company’s board of directors consents to the deal, and the two companies negotiate terms they can both agree on. In other cases, a takeover is considered hostile, and the acquiring company goes directly to the shareholders to gain control.

  1. If investors fail to take part in the poison pill by purchasing stock at the discounted price, the outstanding shares will not be diluted enough to ward off a takeover.
  2. In such cases, taking over the competitor to acquire their distribution systems may also be a reason for a takeover.
  3. If a current company’s management is unpopular with shareholders, a proxy fight can easily be successful.
  4. Mr. Arora is an experienced private equity investment professional, with experience working across multiple markets.
  5. Sometimes, a competitor may have a better distribution and supply chain system.

A takeover is a strategic business move where one company acquires another company by purchasing a substantial number of its shares. By gaining control of the target company, the acquiring company can influence its operations, decision-making processes, and ultimately, its overall direction. Takeovers often result in the merging of the two companies or the absorption of the target company into the acquiring company. These business transactions involve the consolidation of two businesses into one.

Understanding the Definition of a Takeover

If the bidder can divide board and or shareholder opinion, it has a better chance of succeeding. There are five different ways that a hostile takeover situation can play out. In the majority of private companies, takeovers tend to be friendly. This is because the board members are usually the hot penny stocks today’s best cheap stocks main shareholders. The deal was ultimately made as part of a friendly takeover with a per-share price of $90. By this time, Ralcorp had completed the spinoff of its Post cereal division, resulting in approximately the same offering price by ConAgra for a slightly smaller total business.

VW would eventually buy 100% of Porsche shares and become its parent company. Alternatively, the hostile bidder may discreetly buy enough stocks of the company in the open market. Eventually, it has enough shares to effect a change in management. The bidder does not back always off if the board of a publicly-listed company rejects the offer.

Protecting against takeovers

Before a bidder makes an offer for another company, it usually first informs the company’s board of directors. Ideally, if the board feels that accepting the offer serves the shareholders better than rejecting it, it recommends the offer be accepted by the shareholders. A “dawn raid” is a corporate action more common in the United Kingdom; however, it has also occurred in the United States. During a dawn raid, a https://www.day-trading.info/day-trading-indices-how-to-day-trade-forex/ firm or investor aims to buy a substantial holding in the takeover-target company’s equity by instructing brokers to buy the shares as soon as the stock markets open. By getting the brokers to conduct the buying of shares in the target company (the “victim”), the acquirer (the “predator”) masks its identity and thus their intent. A takeover, particularly a reverse takeover, may be financed by an all-share deal.

They involve consolidating two different companies into a single entity. A form of scorched earth policy, the sale of crown jewels refers to a company selling its most valuable or most revenue generating assets to harm a potential acquirer, and to destroy the value of the company. This tactic is commonly done when a takeover is inevitable, however it can have drastic consequences. Shareholders may be vehemently opposed to a sale of crown jewels. In the shareholders eyes, it is preferable to sell their shares to a potential acquirer at a premium, than to have a company sell off its most valuable assets, and face a decline in the value of their equity.

All-share deals

Sometimes it’s a competitor that has the potential to impact the company’s market share. When a takeover is ongoing, many resources are allocated to completing the transaction. For example, https://www.forexbox.info/accurate-currency-strength-meter-live-strength/ activist investor Carl Icahn purchased 10% of Netflix, which immediately implemented poison pill provisions, with the goal of preventing Icahn from taking an even larger position.

An example of a creeping takeover is Porsche’s acquisition of Volkswagen. They slowly accumulated shares of VW, with the intent to take control of the company. Eventually, the financial crisis took place, which prevented Porsche from acquiring VW, and hence accumulated large amounts of debt. Creditors stopped lending to Porsche, and so the takeover was cancelled.

However, when the board of directors and key shareholders are in favor of the takeover, takeover voting can more easily be achieved. In 2018, the entertainment giant, Walt Disney Company, acquired Twenty-First Century Fox, Inc, in a huge deal worth $71.3 billion. The $38-per-share acquisition gave 21st Century Fox shareholders the option to elect cash or stock in the combined entity. Takeovers are complex business transactions that involve the acquisition of one company by another.

The acquirer then builds up a substantial stake in its target at the current stock market price. Because this is done early in the morning, the target firm usually doesn’t get informed about the purchases until it is too late, and the acquirer now has a controlling interest. Having stock in a company means you are part owner, and as we see more and more sector-wide consolidation, mergers and acquisitions are the resultant proceedings. So it is important to know what these terms mean for your holdings. A reverse takeover occurs when a private company purchases a publicly-listed company. In all successful hostile takeovers, the management tries to resist the acquisition, but eventually fails.

What Happens to Shares of a Company That’s Taken Over?

Golden parachutes can be worth millions of dollars and can cost the acquiring firm a lot of money and therefore act as a strong deterrent to proceeding with their takeover bid. There are several ways that two or more companies can combine their efforts. It’s this last case of dramatic unfriendly takeovers that is the source of much of M&A’s colorful vocabulary.

Companies can raise this capital by selling equipment, borrowing money, or through its cash reserves. In some cases, a company will buy back large amounts of shares from an acquirer, and purchase sales of the acquirer. Scorched earth tactics are a last resort to prevent an ongoing takeover. For example, if a target company was struggling, they may try to find an acquirer who would find their assets attractive. This outcome tends to be better than closing down the entire company due to bankruptcy for instance, as the acquirer may have funds to pay off the debts or generate the required returns due to synergies. A reverse takeover can be used to go public quicker than an IPO or direct listing, making it an attractive choice for companies who want to go public as soon as possible.

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